What Was the Holocaust?
The Holocaust was the systematic, bureaucratic, state-sponsored persecution and murder of six million Jews by the Nazi regime and its collaborators. Holocaust is a word of Greek origin meaning “sacrifice by fire.” The Nazis, who came to power in Germany in January 1933, believed that Germans were “racially superior” and that the Jews, deemed “inferior,” were an alien threat to the so-called German racial community.
A Woman Sent to be Gassed at Auschwitz
From “The Auschwitz Album”, the only photographic documentation of the entire extermination process at Auschwitz. An SS has just sent the woman with the infant to join those being sent to the crematoria; her hair is covered in the tradition of the Orthodox Jewish wife. A man is standing between the columns missing his pants and one shoe; this was a common occurrence in the overcrowded boxcars. On the left stand inmates in striped camp clothing. The main gate to Birkenau camp under which the trains pass is ar the rear left of the photograph.
Survivors Prepare A Meal
Units of the 80th Division overran the large Nazi prison camp in Ebensee, Austria, a sub-camp of Mauthausen. They liberated about 60,000 prisoners of 25 different nationalities, all in various stages of starvation. Here, some of the prisoners prepare a meal over an open fire in the camp.
Crematoriaum II, North View
Crematorium II in Auschwitz-Birkenau was based on a design by Architect Georg Werkmann as modified by Walter Dejaco. The central part of the building contained furnaces with a capacity of 1440 corpses per day. The gas chambers and undressing rooms were underground; the bodies were brought up by elevator. On Saturday, March 13, 1943, 1,492 women, children and elderly people from the Cracow ghetto were gassed and burned here in its inagural run. It was blown up by the Germans as they prepared to evacuate the camp in January 1945. The 4 crematoria in Auschwitz-Birkenau are examples of the application of industrial technology to the problem of mass murder.
Funding Provides Homecare, Medical Care, Food and Other Help in 21 Countries Elderly Jewish Holocaust victims, the last of their generation to have endured the horrors of the Nazi genocide, will receive significantly more aid.
Antisemitism is a deeply-rooted phenomenon in many liberal democracies, despite efforts by governments and independent organizations to tackle it.
Antisemitism in all its forms must be combated vigorously by determined action of governments and civil society.
Of particular importance are the education of young people, the role of the media, and the action by police and the judiciary in bringing perpetrators of anti-Semitic crimes to justice.
Governments and international organizations need to provide adequate resources for the fight against hatred, notably by providing security to Jewish communities and by improving education.
Laws against antisemitism and other forms of racism need to be adopted and enforced properly in every country.
One in four Holocaust survivors lives in poverty.
Charity Army for Advancing Holocaust Survivors Care. They are at risk for poor physical and mental health, depression and social isolation. For most, the ability to age in place in their own homes and communities is critical.
For an elderly Holocaust survivor…
A gift of $500 can pay for 25 hours of homecare
A gift of $360 can pay for caregiver support and information groups
A gift of $100 can pay for a home safety evaluation
A gift of $36 can pay for a social excursion
A gift of $18 can pay for a falls prevention, yoga, or nutrition class
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